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Ethanol is a renewable fuel made from corn and other plant materials. The use of ethanol is widespread— almost all gasoline in the U.S. contains ethanol in a low-level blend. Ethanol is also available as E85—a high-level ethanol blend—for use in flexible fuel vehicles.


Biofuels and Biomass Interest Groups (includes Ethanol & Biodiesel)



  • Ethanol production creates jobs in rural areas where employment opportunities are needed.
  • The carbon dioxide released when ethanol is burned is balanced by the carbon dioxide captured when the crops are grown to make ethanol.
  • On a life cycle analysis basis; corn-based ethanol production and use reduces greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by up to 52% compared to gasoline production and use. Cellulosic ethanol use could reduce GHGs by as much as 86%.
  • More than 95% of the gasoline sold in the United States contains low levels of ethanol.
  • Low-level blends require no special fueling equipment and they can be used in any conventional gasoline vehicle.